Accenture Plc (NYSE: ACN) easily outperformed the Information Technology sector by 34.7% as it relates to ROE, producing a strong 37.7% compared to the sector’s 2.9%. But what is more interesting is whether Accenture will continue to achieve superior returns moving forward. The DuPont analysis is a useful tool that may help us determine this. In my analysis below, I’ll use the DuPont model to reveal what’s really driving the company’s strong ROE.
Accenture’s ROE Trends
Return on equity or ROE represents the percentage return a company generates on the money shareholders have invested.
ROE = Net Income To Common / Average Total Common Equity
In general, a higher return on equity suggests management is utilizing the capital invested by shareholders efficiently. However, it is important to note that ROE can be impacted by management’s financing decisions such as the deployment of leverage.
Accenture’s recent ROE trends are illustrated in the chart below.
source: finbox.io data explorer – ROE
The return on equity of Accenture has generally been declining over the last few years. ROE increased from 47.2% to 55.4% in fiscal year 2016, decreased to 38.5% in 2017 and decreased again to 37.7% as of LTM Feb’18. So what’s causing the general decline?
What’s Causing Accenture’s Declining Return On Equity
A less used approach although being much more intuitive, the DuPont formula is another way to calculate a company’s ROE. It is defined as:
ROE = Net Profit Margin * Asset Turnover * Equity Multiplier
Created by the DuPont Corporation in the 1920s, the analysis is a useful tool that helps determine what’s responsible for changes in a company’s ROE. It highlights that a firm’s ROE is affected by three things: profit margin, asset turnover, and its equity multiplier or financial leverage.
Analyzing changes in these three items over time allows investors to figure out if operating efficiency, asset use efficiency or the use of leverage is what’s causing changes in ROE. Strong companies should have ROE that is increasing because its net profit margin and/or asset turnover is increasing. On the other hand, a company may not be as strong as investors would otherwise think if ROE is increasing from the use of leverage or debt.
So let’s take a closer look at what’s causing Accenture’s declining returns.
Accenture’s Net Profit Margin Trends
The net profit margin of Accenture has generally been declining over the last few years. Margins increased from 9.3% to 11.8% in fiscal year 2016, decreased to 9.4% in 2017 and decreased again to 9.2% as of LTM Feb’18.
Therefore, the company’s decreasing margins help explain, at least partially, why ROE is also decreasing. Now let’s take a look at Accenture’s efficiency performance.
Accenture’s Asset Turnover Trends
It appears that asset turnover of Accenture has generally been declining over the last few years. Turnover decreased from 1.82x to 1.79x in fiscal year 2016, decreased to 1.70x in 2017 and increased to 1.81x as of LTM Feb’18.
source: data explorer – asset turnover
Therefore, the company’s decreasing asset turnover ratio helps explain, at least partially, why ROE is also decreasing.
Finally, the DuPont constituents that make up Accenture’s ROE are shown in the table below. Note that the table also compares Accenture to a peer group that includes DXC Technology Company (NYSE: DXC), International Business Machines Corporation (NYSE: IBM), Infosys Limited (NYSE: INFY) and Luxoft Holding, Inc. (NYSE: LXFT).
source: finbox.io’s DuPont model
In conclusion, the DuPont analysis has helped us better understand that Accenture’s general decline in return on equity is the result of a worsening net profit margin, a declining asset turnover ratio and declining leverage. Therefore when looking at the core operations of the business, Accenture shareholders have reason to be concerned due to the company’s general decline in profitability along with a general decline in operational efficiency and declining leverage.
The DuPont approach is a helpful tool when analyzing how well management is utilizing shareholder capital. However, it doesn’t necessarily tell the whole story. For example, how do the company’s ROE trends compare to its peers or sector? How about in absolute returns? I recommend that investors continue to research Accenture to gain a better understanding of its fundamentals before making an investment decision.
As of this writing, I did not hold a position in any of the aforementioned securities and this is not a buy or sell recommendation on any security mentioned.