Procter & Gamble Co (NYSE: PG) beat the Consumer Staples sector by 7.1% as it relates to ROE, producing a healthy 18.5% compared to the sector’s 11.3%. But what is more interesting is whether Procter & Gamble will continue to achieve above average returns moving forward. The DuPont analysis is a useful tool that may help us determine this. In my analysis below, I’ll use the DuPont model to reveal what’s really driving the company’s healthy ROE.
Procter & Gamble’s ROE Trends
Return on equity or ROE represents the percentage return a company generates on the money shareholders have invested.
ROE = Net Income To Common / Average Total Common Equity
In general, a higher return on equity suggests management is utilizing the capital invested by shareholders efficiently. However, it is important to note that ROE can be impacted by management’s financing decisions such as the deployment of leverage.
Procter & Gamble’s recent ROE trends are illustrated in the chart below.
source: finbox.io data explorer – ROE
It appears that the return on equity of Procter & Gamble has generally been increasing over the last few years. ROE increased from 10.4% to 17.8% in fiscal year 2016, increased to 29.1% in 2017 and decreased to 18.5% as of LTM Dec’17. So what’s causing the general improvement?
What’s Causing Procter & Gamble’s Improving Return On Equity
A less used approach although being much more intuitive, the DuPont formula is another way to calculate a company’s ROE. It is defined as:
ROE = Net Profit Margin * Asset Turnover * Equity Multiplier
Created by the DuPont Corporation in the 1920s, the analysis is a useful tool that helps determine what’s responsible for changes in a company’s ROE. It highlights that a firm’s ROE is affected by three things: profit margin, asset turnover, and its equity multiplier or financial leverage.
Analyzing changes in these three items over time allows investors to figure out if operating efficiency, asset use efficiency or the use of leverage is what’s causing changes in ROE. Strong companies should have ROE that is increasing because its net profit margin and/or asset turnover is increasing. On the other hand, a company may not be as strong as investors would otherwise think if ROE is increasing from the use of leverage or debt.
So let’s take a closer look at what’s causing Procter & Gamble’s improving returns.
Procter & Gamble’s Net Profit Margin Trends
It appears that the net profit margin of Procter & Gamble has generally been increasing over the last few years. Margins increased from 9.6% to 15.7% in fiscal year 2016, increased to 23.2% in 2017 and decreased to 15.0% as of LTM Dec’17.
Therefore, the company’s increasing margins help explain, at least partially, why ROE is also increasing. Now let’s take a look at Procter & Gamble’s efficiency performance to see if that is also boosting ROE.
Procter & Gamble’s Asset Turnover Trends
It looks like asset turnover of Procter & Gamble has also generally been increasing over the last few years. Turnover decreased from 0.52x to 0.51x in fiscal year 2016, increased to 0.53x in 2017 and increased again to 0.54x as of LTM Dec’17.
source: data explorer – asset turnover
Therefore, the company’s increasing asset turnover ratio helps explain, at least in part, why ROE is also increasing.
Finally, the DuPont constituents that make up Procter & Gamble’s ROE are shown in the table below. Note that the table also compares Procter & Gamble to a peer group that includes Colgate-Palmolive Company (NYSE: CL), Kimberly-Clark Corporation (NYSE: KMB), Church & Dwight Company, Inc. (NYSE: CHD) and Clorox Company (The) (NYSE: CLX).
source: finbox.io’s DuPont model
In conclusion, the DuPont analysis has helped us better understand that Procter & Gamble’s general improvement in return on equity is the result of an improving net profit margin, an improving asset turnover ratio and increasing leverage. Therefore when looking at the core operations of the business, Procter & Gamble shareholders have reason to be excited due to the company’s general improvement in profitability along with a general improvement in operational efficiency.
The DuPont approach is a helpful tool when analyzing how well management is utilizing shareholder capital. However, it doesn’t necessarily tell the whole story. For example, how do the company’s ROE trends compare to its peers or sector? How about in absolute returns? I recommend that investors continue to research Procter & Gamble to gain a better understanding of its fundamentals before making an investment decision.
Author: Brian Dentino
Expertise: financial technology, analyzing market trends
Brian is a founder at finbox.io, where he’s focused on building tools that make it faster and easier for investors to research stock fundamentals. Brian’s background is in physics & computer science and previously worked as a software engineer at GE Healthcare. He enjoys applying his expertise in technology to help find market trends that impact investors.
Brian can be reached at email@example.com.
As of this writing, Brian did not hold a position in any of the aforementioned securities and this is not a buy or sell recommendation on any security mentioned.